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ENV090

July 2016 - June 2018

Assessment of an air treatment system for enhanced environmental and biosecurity measures on a broiler operation

Principal Investigator: Bill Van Heyst, University of Guelph
Co-investigator: Shayan Sharif, University of Guelph
Status: In progress

Background

Evidence indicates that the most important bird-to-bird transmission for Avian Influenza (AI) is through exposure with contaminated fecal matter although there is some evidence that suggests AI, and potentially other viruses, can have limited transmission by airborne and dust-borne vectors.   In addition, contaminated fecal matter from broilers has been attributed as the source of airborne viruses (specifically infectious bursal disease virus (IBDV)) at the exhaust air outlets of an infected broiler barn and thus poses a potential threat to atmospheric transport to other facilities. As a way to enhance current biosecurity measures on poultry farms and decrease the environmental footprint of the operations, the objectives of this proposed research are to:
  1. Validate of the efficacy of using a combined HEPA filter system with a Ultra Violet (UV) lamp to destroy avian influenza virus and other viruses of importance to the poultry sector (i.e. ILT, Infectious Bronchitis) in vivo experiments,
  2. Determine the efficacy of using a combined HEPA filter system with a Ultra Violet (UV) lamp to remove particulate matter and disassociate ammonia and other harmful or odorous gases to harmless daughter products, and
Develop a portable, skid-mounted air purification system that can be attached to existing poultry farm ventilation system to enhance biosecurity, potentially for deployment in CFIA declared control zones when AI is discovered.

Funding

$140,000 (CPRC $50,000, OMAFRA $60,000, AmAirCare $25,000, Elphick Poultry Farms Inc $5,000)

Status report coming soon


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